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On one central issue of interpretation, however, Shoemaker gets Strawson wrong. On the contrary, Strawson tries to caution his fellow philosophers away from the theorizing impulse. The urge to develop comprehensive theories, he argued, inevitably leads philosophers away from the natural facts about responsibility and the related emotions. Philosophy of Law. Cognitive Sciences.

By Daniel Kelly. Chapter Six. Compatibilism Libertarianism about Free Will. Retributive emotions and behavior are thought to be adaptive for their role in improving social coordination.

However, since retaliation is generally not in the short-term interests of the individual, rational self-interest erodes the motivational link between retributive emotions and the accompanying adaptive behavior. I argue that two different sets of norms have emerged to reinforce this link: 1 norms about honor and 2 norms about moral responsibility and desert.

Part I. Metaskepticism about Moral Responsibility

I observe that the primar… Read more Retributive emotions and behavior are thought to be adaptive for their role in improving social coordination. I observe that the primary difference between these types of retribution motivators lies in where the normative focus is placed after an offense. In the first form of retribution, the normative focus is on the offended party. In the second, it is on the offender. Next, I show how each class of norms is well tailored to the particular features of the environment in which these forms of retributive behavior emerge.

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Tamler Sommers, Chapter Two. Moral Responsibility and the Culture of Honor - PhilPapers

Finally, I consider some philosophical implications of these observations. I suggest that my account, if correct, would pose tough challenges for contemporary philosophical theories of moral responsibility and punishment.


  1. Relative Justice: Cultural Diversity, Free Will, and Moral Responsibility?
  2. Relative Justice: Cultural Diversity, Free Will, and Moral Responsibility;
  3. Relative Justice;

Responsibility and Reactive Attitudes. Is it fair to blame people for actions that are determined by heredity and environment? Can we be responsible for the actions of relatives or members of our community? In this provocative book, Tamler Sommers concludes that there are no objectively correct answers to these questions.

Drawing on research in anthropology, psychology, and a host of other disciplines, Sommers argues that cross-cultural variation raises s… Read more [Publisher's description:] When can we be morally responsible for our behavior? Drawing on research in anthropology, psychology, and a host of other disciplines, Sommers argues that cross-cultural variation raises serious problems for theories that propose universally applicable conditions for moral responsibility. He then develops a new way of thinking about responsibility that takes cultural diversity into account.

Relative Justice is a novel and accessible contribution to the ancient debate over free will and moral responsibility. Sommers provides a thorough examination of the methodology employed by contemporary philosophers in the debate and a challenge to Western assumptions about individual autonomy and its connection to moral desert. Experimental philosophy has received a great deal of attention in scholarly journals and the popular media. Often the topic of these articles is precisely what I claim is a non-issue — the value of experimental philosophy as a movement. And here I am writing about this same topic yet again.

But I am not going to provide another argument for an obvious position.

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Darrow and determinism: Giving up ultimate responsibility. On August 22, Darrow gave his famous twelve hour closing statement, bringing tears to the eyes of the presiding judge and saving his clients from the death penalty. Here are two excerpts from the summation.

Free Will Skepticism. Chapter Four. Can the Variation Be Explained Away? The Intellectually Modest Criminal.

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I will assume that this condition, if met, would make acts objectively right and therefore vindicate a robust form of metaethical realism. There remains the question, however, of whether this condition can be met. It appears that moral facts can exist only if there is unanimous agreement about how we would want to behave if we were fully rational.

Metaethics: Crash Course Philosophy #32

The unanimity requirement leaves Smith vulnerable to sensible knave style objections. Harman presents such an objection in the form of a successful criminal who does not observe the alleged requirement not to harm or injure people outside of his criminal organization.

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If this criminal is truly rational and still desires to steal.. Moral Realism and Irrealism. Chapter Seven.

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Theories of Free Will. Nearly all retributive theories of punishment adopt the following model. Punishments are justified when the wrongdoers receive the punishment they deserve. The broader aim of this article is to outline an alternative retributivist model that directly involves the victim in the determination of the appropriate and just pun… Read more Nearly all retributive theories of punishment adopt the following model.

The broader aim of this article is to outline an alternative retributivist model that directly involves the victim in the determination of the appropriate and just punishment. In this provocative book, Tamler Sommers concludes that there are no objectively correct answers to these questions. Drawing on research in anthropology, psychology, and a host of other disciplines, Sommers argues that cross-cultural variation raises serious problems for theories that propose universally applicable conditions for moral responsibility. He then develops a new way of thinking about responsibility that takes cultural diversity into account.

Relative Justice is a novel and accessible contribution to the ancient debate over free will and moral responsibility. Sommers provides a thorough examination of the methodology employed by contemporary philosophers in the debate and a challenge to Western assumptions about individual autonomy and its connection to moral desert. We've detected you're shopping from Germany, so we've set this as your delivery location. You may see a reduced selection of products.


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